As per the UNODC, Human trafficking involves recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion/deception, for the purpose of exploitation Exploitation may include the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs. According to the report by the UNODC, most of the victims detected globally were trafficked for sexual exploitation, although this pattern is not consistent across all regions. While trafficking for forced labour is the most commonly detected form in sub-Saharan Africa, in Central Asia and South Asia, trafficking for forced labour and sexual exploitation are near-equally detected.
Not only women and children but also men are victims to human trafficking. In India, a large number of people are trafficked not only for sex trade but also for other various kinds of servitude. Human Trafficking is also known as the modern-day-slave-trade. Human trafficking involves moving someone into slavery or slavery-like conditions. Victims often go willingly with their traffickers because they are being deceived about the nature and conditions of the work. Trafficking is a global phenomenon and nearly every country is a source, transit or destination (or combination of these three) for trafficked persons.
On the basis of the definition given in the Trafficking in Persons Protocol, it is evident that trafficking in persons has three constituent elements
For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs.To ascertain whether a particular circumstance constitutes trafficking in persons, consider the definition of trafficking in the Trafficking in Persons Protocol and the constituent elements of the offense, as defined by relevant domestic legislations.
Disproportionately affects women and children and involves forced participation in commercial sex acts. it consists of different types of servitude, including forced prostitution, pornography, child sex rings, and sex-related occupations such as nude danching and modeling.
This is when a person is pat under pressure to marry someone. They may be threatened with physical or Sexual violence or placed under emotional or psychological distress to ethane these aims Maybe done to gain access to benefits or to a country.
The trafficking in organs involves removing a part of the body. commonly the kidneys and liver. to sell often as an illegal trade. The victim here involves both gender and without any difference in their ages, includes person ranging from small child to old person and even dead person too. it may happen with or without their consent
It involves the person to work as boned labours slaves by the of forcing them or awarding punishments for not working and forces them to work for little remuneration or payments in order to reduce their debts
Includes both gender male and female. they are forced to work as bonded slaves under military camps in kitchen work and in some other violent or illegal activity. The female children are forced to have sexual exploitation without considering their age. the children are between the age group of 10 to 18 years who are considered to be minors
It is the advanced form of sex trafficking or exploitation in the 21st century. the main victims are made on the websites used by the people and it will automatically provoke the users. these kinds of advertisements are made normally in all websites but it has its origin in the dark or deep web
People who have been trafficked may:
People who have been trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation may:
People who have been trafficked for labour exploitation may:
People who have been trafficked for the purpose of domestic servitude may:
People who have been trafficked for the purpose of begging or committing petty crimes may:
Children who have been trafficked may:
2. Forced/Bonded Labour
3. Organ Trafficking
It includes both gender male and female. Child trafficking happens mainly for labour or sex trade. They are forced to work as bonded slaves under military camps in kitchen work and/or in some other violent or illegal activity. The children are below 18 years who are considered to be minors.
Research shows that human trafficking in India may affect between 20 and 65 million people. Women and girls are trafficked within the country for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced marriage. This is more so in the case of areas where the sex ratio is highly skewed in favour of men. An alarming number of children are subjected to forced labour as factory workers, domestic servants, beggars, and agriculture workers, while others have been used as child soldiers by insurgent or terrorist groups
India is also a destination for women and girls from neighbouring countries, smuggled for sexual exploitation. Indian women are also trafficked to the Middle East for the same purpose. Indian migrants who travel willingly to the Middle East and Europe for work as domestic servants and low-skilled labourers may also end up in the country’s human trafficking industry and into situations of forced labour or debt bondage. Even though India is the world’s largest democratic republic, the country is plagued with widespread poverty and lack of proper education, resulting in a myriad of human rights violations, especially against women and girls.
Despite dearth of empirical research and data - especially in India, the youngest state appears to be emerging as a growing destination for flesh trade. If data from the last five years is analysed, from 2016 to 2018 itself, cases have almost tripled. In 2016 alone, of 766 cases reported under section 5 of the IT (P) Act (relating to procuring or inducing or taking persons for purpose of prostitution), maximum cases were reported in Tamil Nadu, followed by Telangana and two other states, making these four states account for 54.7% of human trafficking nationally. Additionally, In 2016, Telangana was ranked the 8th highest for the number of human trafficking cases. While we analyse the data from 2018 - as many as 242 human trafficking cases were reported, making it go up to rank 4 in the country. Not only is the data lacking, there is also a significant discrepancy between the reality and the cases that go unnoticed and unreported.